A Thorough Guide to Bow and Arrow Yoga Pose

The Bow and Arrow yoga position is a wonderful method to tone your muscles and stretch your joints for greater flexibility and balance. It also aids in strengthening the back, shoulders, and arms. This pose is challenging for beginners, but it becomes easier with practice.

In this informative blog post, we’ll explore the bow and arrow yoga pose in detail. We’ll provide a comprehensive, step-by-step guide on how to do the pose correctly. Plus, we’ll touch on the benefits and contradictions of performing this yoga pose.

What Is the Bow and Arrow Yoga Pose (Akarna Dhanurasana)?

This is an intermediate-level yoga pose known as Akarna Dhanurasana in Sanskrit. The word “Karna” in Akarna means “ear”, while “Dhanura” stands for “bow”, and “Asana” means posture.

The pose gets the name due to the nature of its posture, which is literally “Toward-the-Ear Bow Pose”. It is quite similar to a bow being stretched with an arrow being pulled back on it and is about to be released.

The Akarna Dhanurasana is also commonly referred to as “the Bow Pose” and has other popular names like “Archer Pose” and “Shooting Bow Pose”. Talking about the origin, it comes from the Hindu epic, Ramayana. According to the tale, the infant Sita was able to lift Lord Shiva’s enormous bow. Later, when she reached the marriageable age, only Rama was able to wield the bow and was married to Sita.

Many might confuse this yoga with Dhanurasana, but they are entirely different, and the Archer Pose is much more complex in comparison. You do a side stretch with your hips open and your one foot touching your ear. It sounds painful but it isn’t if you know the right steps.

Bow Pose

How Do You Perform the Bow and Arrow Yoga Pose?

Now that we know a bit about the background of this pose, let’s get into how to do it. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Start with sitting comfortably on the mat and stretching your legs out in front. Remember to keep your back, head, and shoulders straight while doing this.
  2. Breathe deeply and place your palms on the thighs. Gently extend your right hand towards your right foot as you exhale.
  3. When you reach the right foot, wrap your fingers around the big toe and pull it towards your face, slightly bending the knee.
  4. As you do it, your left hand should reach out to the left foot, grab the left big toe, and hold it there.
  5. Now, breathe deeply, bring your right foot near the right ear, and hold this position for 30 to 60 seconds.
  6. While exhaling slowly, bring your right leg down and release the left toe. Then, return to your initial resting position.
  7. Now, do the same thing again, but with your left leg.

Advantages of the Bow and Arrow Yoga Pose

Your efforts with this pose will yield, as it comes with varied benefits. Here are some merits of doing the Bow and Arrow yoga pose:

1. Enhances Flexibility

The main reason that people do yoga is to improve their flexibility, and this pose is no different. It’s simple; with this yoga, the muscles in your legs, arms, and back stretches and it ultimately increase your range of motion.

2. Builds Strength

Akarna Dhanurasana brilliantly helps strengthen the back and arm muscles. Additionally, it engages the abdominal muscles, and stretching can help to improve your overall core strength.

3. Improves Balance

You need good balance and coordination to do this pose correctly. With continuous practice, your sense of balance while doing the pose will also get better. This improved sense of balance can also help in your daily life.

4. Relieves Stress

The deep breathing that is a part of this pose helps to relax the mind and body, relieving stress and tension. Plus, stretching the arms, back, and hamstrings can also help to release any built-up tension in these areas.

5. Improves Posture

You are working on improving your posture while you do this position. The deep stretches that you experience in this pose can help to open up the chest, shoulders, and hip flexors. This helps to improve your posture in the long run.

6. Balances Emotions

Apart from the physical benefits, the bow and arrow yoga pose offer several physiological benefits. The posture and deep breathing stimulate three basic chakras: Root (Muladhara), Sacral (Svadhisthana), and Solar Plexus (Manipura Chakra). This helps to bring emotional stability and balance.

7. Aids Circulations Systems

The Archer pose aids the various bodily systems like the respiratory, digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems by improving their functions. The deep breathing in this pose helps to improve lung capacity, while the stretch aids in better digestion.

What Are the Contradictions of this Yoga Pose?

Akarna Dhanurasana is an extremely beneficial yoga posture, but it’s not suitable for everyone. If you have any of the following conditions, you should avoid doing this pose or seek medical advice before trying it:

Injury to the back, neck, or shoulders: If you have any injury in these areas, it’s best to avoid this pose or get medical clearance before trying it.

High blood pressure: The Archer Pose can cause a sudden increase in blood pressure, so it’s not recommended for people with hypertension.

Pregnancy: The Archer Pose is not recommended for pregnant women as it can put pressure on the abdomen.

Poor breath and body connection: If you’re new to yoga, it’s best to avoid this pose as it requires good breath and body coordination. Improper alignment can lead to injury.

Variations of the Bow and Arrow Yoga Pose

If you’re new to yoga or have any injuries, there are some variations of the Archer Pose that you can try.

Staff Pose: This is a beginners’ variation of the Archer Pose. Sit on the floor and spread your legs out in front. Put your hands on the floor next to you, take a deep breath in, lean back, and open your chest as you exhale.

Staff Hand to Big Toe Pose: This is a variation of the staff pose that helps to deepen the stretch. Use your first two fingers to reach forward and grab hold of your big toe from the staff pose.

Cradle Pose Straight Leg: This restorative variation helps to stretch the back and legs. To do this, sit back straight, then bend your left knee, bringing the thigh closer to your chest and holding your leg in your arms.


There you go with a comprehensive guide to the bow and arrow yoga pose. This yoga posture offers many benefits, but it’s important to know the contradictions before trying it. We included a detailed description of the correct way to perform this pose and covered the benefits and contradictions. Keep these things in mind while practicing to reap all the benefits of this amazing yoga pose.

About the author

Navkiran Kaur